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NASA images show worsening drought, as key basin drops to historic low

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NASA satellite images revealed a stark year-on-year escalation of drought in Casablanca, with landscapes turning parched and barren as the country struggles with one of its worst years yet during a prolonged drought.

The one million hectares of farmland in the Casablanca region is shown parched in the images as irrigation from the region’s key supplier of water, Al Massira Dam, dropped as low as 1 to 2 percent of its capacity in February 2024.

The dam is part of Oum Er Rbia Basin, which recorded its lowest levels in history, with a filling rate  6.1% filling rate in February. The Basin is a lifeline for agriculture in areas likeKhouribga, Beni Mellal, and Marrakech.

In the North of Morocco, NASA collected data indicating that winter wheat crops were much less green and healthy than usual.

The country’s annual water reserves have decreased significantly over the past decade, from 11.5 billion cubic meters between 1945 and 2023 to 7.2 billion cubic meters between 2017 and 2023. Basin filling has not exceeded 3 billion cubic meters in the last three years.

Since September, 1.5 billion cubic meters have been recorded, but only 500 million cubic meters have been added, affecting all water basins.

Over the past two years, the rise in temperature has exceeded 2 degrees, reaching precisely 1.99 in 2022 and 2023, making the country one of the countries most affected by climate change.

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Étiquettes : , , , , , , , , Last modified: février 26, 2024
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