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Morocco contains Mediterranean migratory route to Europe, which is growing in Tunisia and Senegal

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Spanish news outlet “Rtve” commended Morocco’s ongoing efforts to combat illegal migration, noting that the migratory route to Europe from the Kingdom was contained in 2023, while departures from Tunisia through the Mediterranean soared.

Recent reinforcements on Moroccan coasts have reduced migratory pressure through the Western Mediterranean and Atlantic, with departures dropping by 17% to 20%, highlighted by the same source.

Morocco has made efforts to safeguard its southern coastline and conduct search as well as rescue operations, resulting in the capture of thousands of migrants.

Despite aborting 64,500 attempts and rescuing 15,000 migrants in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, most sub-Saharians have returned to Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya in search of a sea route to Europe, revealed the Rtve.

The Atlantic route to the Canary, on the other hand, has been revitalized from Senegal, with nearly doubling the number of passengers compared to 2022.

In addition, Tunisia, despite the migration pact inked with the European Union in July, emerged as the main departure point for 83% of all migrants heading to Italy.

Over 152,000 migrants have arrived in Italy via the Central Mediterranean, a record high from 119,369 in 2017.

According to the Tunisian National Guard, criminal networks impede operations, transforming the country from a transit point for migrants to a destination.

The government’s new strategy involves systematically kicking out assisted migrants and relocating them to remote desert areas near Algeria and Libya.

Many sub-Saharan migrants are currently lodged near the IOM headquarters in Tunisia, hoping to stumble upon an open migration route, according to Rtve.

Approximately 27,730 entry attempts to Spanish islands were foiled in the first ten months, representing a 95% increase over the same period in 2022, according to the European Coastal and Border Agency (Frontex).

Over 34,000 migrants reached the Canary Islands, surpassing the 31,000 disembarked during the 2006 canoe crisis, despite the perilous Atlantic route. reported Rtve.

As of September 2023, Moroccan authorities had stopped 60,192 illegal migration attempts and dismantled 250 human trafficking networks, according to a report by the Ministry of Interior.

In collaboration with diplomatic entities and the International Organization for Migration in Morocco, they have facilitated the voluntary repatriation of 3,317 individuals in 2023.

The Royal Moroccan Navy rescued 10,405 people and provided critical assistance. Through statistics and proposals, the Ministry of Interior is working to regularize the status of refugees and contribute to the fight against human trafficking.

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